A survivor of the Nazi holocaust who went on to become a Nobel Peace Prize laureate says he had never experienced such pain and suffering as he did during his captivity.
Klaus Fuchs, who survived Auschwitz and Buchenwald, spoke to Al Jazeera about his experience at the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp.
He recalled a number of days during his time at the camp, including the night of May 25, 1943, when he and several other men were rounded up and marched into a room where they were stripped naked.
“When I saw that I was stripped, I felt the first of many stabs in my stomach and the next day I felt like I was going to die.
Then my clothes were removed from me, and I was put in a cell,” Fuchs told Al Jazeera.”
In that cell I had a few hours to think about my life.
There were no lights, no food.
I could not even think.
There was no light in the room.
I was naked.”
Fuchs described the pain and fear that accompanied his ordeal.
He described a number, including an experience of being pushed against a wall.
“[My captors] pushed me against the wall, and when I resisted they shot me with an iron rod.
They told me that I would be punished for resisting.
They said, ‘You will be shot in the back.'”
I was in the corner and they were shooting me in the face and head,” he said.”
The next day we had a shower and we were all taken to a shower.
I saw a very dark-skinned girl, and she was not wearing her underwear.
They were not wearing shoes or socks.
We had to have our underwear on.
We were naked in the shower and had to shower at the same time.
“Felsuchs said he was in a room with a door that led to a window overlooking the courtyard.
The room had no door or windows.
Fuchs, then aged just 22, told Al the next morning that he had been in a shower when he was approached by an officer.
The officer asked him if he wanted to be moved to a different cell.”
Friesson said he later recalled that the officer told him: “You have the right to refuse to serve any prisoner. “
I had never felt so helpless before.”
Friesson said he later recalled that the officer told him: “You have the right to refuse to serve any prisoner.
You have the duty to protect yourself, to not kill any prisoners.”
Friesons account was corroborated by a second prisoner who was also a prisoner of the SS, known as a Schutzbrueck, who was taken to the camp as a child.
“I heard them say: ‘You have to be with us, you have the same rights as any other prisoner,'” Friesson recalled.
During the Nazi period, Fuchs was one of many prisoners taken to Auschwitz.
According to Fuchs account, he was taken from a crowded corridor and placed in a small room with two other men.
They told him that if he refused to serve the Germans they would beat him to death.
After the guard had finished the killing, Friesons guards began to beat him, then told him to get out.
But Friess resistance meant he was dragged along by the other prisoners and his captors.
Once he was out of the prison, Fessesons captors started to beat the other inmates and forced him to strip and shave.
Eventually, he and the other men began to escape.
When they arrived at a camp for Jews, Fuchesson was one the first to arrive.
He told Al he was sent to a room that was surrounded by four cells, one of which was occupied by an SS officer.
“There was a room in the other room where the SS officers were holding me, beating me, tying me up.
They made me shave my head, shave my body, and put a knife in my throat,” Fucsons account said.
One of Fuchs captors told him, “I am going to beat you to death.”
“I screamed: ‘Please, you can’t do this, please don’t do it!'”
Fuchs said that he then tried to escape, but his captor caught him and put him into another cell.
“‘This will kill you, this will kill your life,’ I heard him say.
I knew I was in trouble, but I didn’t know what to do.”
A month later, Fufss was brought before a judge and told to give a statement.
‘My life is over’ Fuchson said that after the judge told him he was going on trial, he had a vision of his life ending.
I remember the judge saying: ‘I am very sorry for what you have done.
You can go and give your testimony.'”‘
I have lost